Solid Strategies For Strong Personal Finance Growth

Bottomline Growth Build A Strong Foundation For EffectiveRealizing that you have more debt than you can afford to pay off can be a frightening situation for anyone, regardless of income or age. Instead of becoming overwhelmed with unpaid bills, read this article for tips on how to make the most of your income each year, despite the amount.

When trading your pairs, do yourself a favor and only trade one or two currency pairs. The more you have, the harder it is to keep up with all the times that you should trade them. By focusing on just a couple, you can effectively become aware of their trends and when to make a trade to make a profit.

It is important to know who, where, what, when and how, about each agency that reports on your credit history. If you do not follow up with each reporter on your credit file, you could be leaving a mistaken account reference on your history, that could easily be taken care of with a phone call.

When it comes to investments try to remember, stocks first and bonds later. When you are young invest in stocks, and as you get older move into bonds. It is a great long-term investment strategy to choose stocks. If the market takes a turn for the worse, you will have plenty of time left to make up what you have lost. Bonds are less risky, and better to invest in as you age.

When it comes to filing income taxes, consider itemizing your deductions. To itemize it is more paperwork, upkeep and organization to keep, and fill out the paperwork needed for itemizing. Doing the paperwork needed for itemizing is all worth it if your standard deduction is lower than your itemized deduction.

If you have extra money, put it in an online savings account. These accounts can earn you a lot of interest, which can add up to a lot of money over time. Use an online savings account if you want to make your money work for you to achieve your monetary goals.

Never withdraw a cash advance from your credit card. This option only rears its head when you are desperate for cash. There are always better ways to get it. Cash advances should be avoided because they incur a different, higher interest rate than regular charges to your card. Cash advance interest is often one of the highest rates your card offers.

If you are a college student, make sure that you sell your books at the end of the semester. Often, you will have a lot of students at your school in need of the books that are in your possession. Also, you can put these books online and get a large percentage of what you originally paid for them.

If at all possible, pay off your credit card balances in full. Only put as much as you can pay off on the credit card each month. It will show that you are a responsible borrower and it will increase your credit rating as well as make it easier to take out lines of credit in the future.

Never base a tax investment on current tax laws. Do not buy real estate if your turning a profit on it relies heavily on the current tax laws of your state. Tax laws are often subject to change. You do not want to find yourself out a lot of money just because you didn’t properly plan ahead.

As was mentioned in the beginning of this article, finding yourself in debt can be scary. Manage your personal finances in a way that puts your bills before unnecessary spending, and track how your money is spent each month. Remember the tips in this article, so you can avoid getting calls from debt collectors.

Lots Of Good Information About Personal Finance Can Be Found In The Below Article

What Are The Characteristics Of A Good Tax SystemIt is strange that, considering the vital nature of the subject, many people lack training in managing their personal finances. Personal finance skills can save money, improve savings and increase one’s effective income. Fortunately, it is never too late to educate yourself on the subject. Here are a few quick personal finance tips that anyone might find useful:

To get out of debt faster, you should pay more than the minimum balance. This should considerably improve your credit score and by paying off your debt faster, you do not have to pay as much interest. This saves you money that you can use to pay off other debts.

Pay off your high interest credit cards first. Come up with a plan for how much money you can put towards your credit card debt each month. In addition to making the minimum payments on all your cards, throw the rest of your budgeted amount at the card with the highest balance. Then move on to the next highest balance and so on.

Try using cash to pay for all of your purchases next week. When you buy goods with cash instead of plastic credits cards, it is easier to see exactly how much money you are parting with. Also, if you don’t have a credit card on your person you can avoid impulse buys.

If you are fortunate enough to have any extra money in your checking account, be wise and don’t leave it there. Even if it’s only a few hundred bucks and only a one percent interest rate, at least it is in a traditional savings account working for you. Some people have a thousand or more dollars sitting in interest free accounts. This is simply unwise.

If you must get a credit card to manage your finances, try for a no-fee rewards card. While credit cards can easily cause more damage than do good, a rewards card will at least give you something back for the money you spend on it. Don’t be tempted to overspend to earn those rewards, though.

Department stores will feed on their customers purchasing items at retail price, which can drain a bank account very quick. Instead of falling for this, go into all of your favorite stores and find the sale or clearance rack. Typically, you will find great deals on quality items in this section.

One of the ways that you can save money to improve your financial standing is to shut off the car when you are parked. Keeping your car running could waste gas, which rises in price every single day. Shut your car off any time that you can to save additional cash.

Consider staying out of the rabbit hole that is credit card debt if you want to keep your personal finances in order. Before you decide to use a credit card, think very carefully. Think about the time it will take you to pay it off. Any charge that you cannot pay off in a month, and that you can possibly do without, should be avoided.

A metal detector can be a fun and exciting way to get some extra valuables and contribute to your personal finances. A local beach can often be the best place for someone with a rented or owned metal detector, to find old coins or even valuable jewelery, that other people have lost.

Learning to handle money wisely is a great idea for self-improvement. By taking care of finances, a wise person reaps the same benefits that they would by getting a raise. After all, making dollars stretch further is just as effective as making more dollars. Time spent refining personal finance skills is never time wasted.

Things That Can Help You Make Money With Personal Finance

Personal Finance Money Picture Free Photograph PhotosIf you are like most people, you never received instruction on personal finance in school, and your parents probably did not discuss money with you either. After you moved out, you had to muddle along on your own, figuring out on your own how to best manage your personal finances. This article will discuss a few important concepts that you need to know, and will offer a few tips on getting the most out of your money.

A great way to keep on top of your personal finance, is to set up a direct debit to be taken out of your paycheck each month. This means you’ll save without having to make the effort of putting money aside and you will be used to a slightly lower monthly budget. You won’t face the difficult choice of whether to spend the money in your account or save it.

If you’re very good at paying your credit card bills on time, get a card that is affiliated with your favorite airline or hotel. The miles or points you accumulate can save you a bundle in transportation and accommodation costs. Most credit cards offer bonuses for certain purchases as well, so always ask to gain the most points.

Don’t assume you need to buy a used car. The demand for good, low mileage used cars has gone up in recent years. This means that the cost of these cars makes it hard to find a good deal. Used cars also carry higher interest rates. So take a look at the long term cost, compared to an entry level new car. It might be the smarter financial option.

To improve your personal finance habits, try to organize your billing cycles so that multiple bills such as credit card payments, loan payments, or other utilities are not due at the same time as one another. This can help you to avoid late payment fees and other missed payment penalties.

Companies that tell you to create a new credit file are scamming you. Creating a new credit file is illegal, considered to be credit fraud and you can be held accountable for doing something illegal. To be on the safe side, know what you’re getting into and make sure to double check everything that the company you’re working with says.

One of the tips to maximizing your personal finances is to buy or make a coin jar in your house. Put this jar in your kitchen so that you can empty all of the loose change into the jar each day. Over time, this will add up as you should bank hundreds of dollars.

One of the things that you can do with your money is to invest in a CD, or certificate of deposit. This investment will give you the choice of how much you want to invest with the time frame you desire, allowing you to take advantage of higher interest rates to boost your income.

If you work a full time job, make sure that you are setting money aside each pay period towards your retirement fund. This will be extremely important later on in life after you have put in your last hours of work. Ascertain that money is being wired into your 401k, each paycheck for a stable future.

Checkbook management, taxes, budgeting, and stock market investing are all equally important in your personal finance portfolio. Taking care of your personal finances isn’t difficult, but it does require discipline and a little education. Now that you you know the best ways to manage your money, you can put your money to work for you, turning it into a fungible resource.

Tips On How To Organize Your Personal Finances

Weekly Guide For Your 2015 Financial Plan GobankingratesMany people are struggling to get a grip on their finances in the struggling economy. Though you might not be able to be rich overnight, there are some simple ways you can live well by arranging your finances. The ideas in this article can help you on your way to financial peace.

Avoid adding positions to losing trades. Don’t allow a few losing trades to become the start of a bunch of losing trades in a row. It’s better just to pull out and start again at another time. Even just a day free of trading can help you out of your funk when you decide to trade again.

Don’t bother with store credit cards. Store cards have a bad cost/benefit calculation. If you pay on time, it won’t help your credit all that much, but if a store account goes to collections, it will impact your credit history just as much as any other default. Get a major credit card for credit repair instead.

In order to avoid personal finance disasters, make sure you have at least three months equivalent of your salary in the bank. This will mean that if you do run into difficulties, for instance losing your job or facing other unexpected expenses like house or car repairs, you’ll be able to cover the cost.

Make sure you’re not spending more than you’re earning each month. The easiest way to dig yourself into a hole of debt that’s near impossible to dig yourself out of is to use credit cards to spend more than you’re earning. Make sure you’re being responsible with your money and not overextending yourself.

If money is tight it might be time to stop driving altogether. The cost of car ownership is extreme. With a car payment, insurance, gas, and maintenance, you can easily spend five hundred a month on your transportation! A perfect alternative to this would be the city bus. A monthly pass usually costs around a dollar a day. That’s over four hundred seventy dollars of savings!

If you have children, start saving very early for college. By doing this, you will be able to maximize on the compound interest, and it will help you meet the rising cost of a college tuition. Even if you do not have children right now, but are planning to in the future, you can start putting away some money.

Eating at home and boycotting restaurants is one of the best ways to save money. If you buy your groceries in bulk you can almost always cook at home cheaper than the equivalent meal would cost you in a restaurant. It might be nice to eat out ever once in awhile but think of all the money that is just going down the drain when you do.

It is imperative that one is able to draw from an emergency fund when emergencies arise. The first baby step is to save up 500 dollars of an emergency fund, and then as you can, increase it to 1000 dollars. After you are used to not touching your emergency fund and you start building, you should end up with three to six months worth of living expenses as your emergency fund.

Be energy efficient! Change all of the light bulbs in your home to CFL lights, use energy efficient appliances, even if you have to buy new ones! This will save you money on your electric bill and perhaps even get you tax credits when tax season rolls around! Check tax laws to find out!

Even though this advice may not make you prosperous, you can still manage your finances in a way that allows you to live from day to day without the constant stress of wondering how to pay your mortgage and other monthly expenses. Sometimes, all a person needs is the will to live in a way that they do not have to worry about finances.

Advice For Personal Finances That Will Help You Stop Treading Water

How To Keep Your Head Above Water When In DebtIs the time right to take command of your finances? Learning to manage your money effectively is an important part of being a successful adult. The article below is going to get you started on being a financially independent person.

If you don’t already have one, open an IRA. You can contribute catch-up funds anytime throughout the year to get your maximum interest. This is also tax deductible. So, if you need to find a few more ways to raise those deduction amounts, it’s better to pay yourself, than uncle Sam.

Not only can you insure your own medical costs, but pet owners may want to investigate pet insurance. These policies can pay for or kick in to pay for vet services once you reach a deductible amount. Veterinary costs can be expensive, so it make sense to insure you pet, the same way you would a member of the family.

Pay yourself first. Each month, put a little money from your paycheck into an emergency savings account. At some point, you may be faced with unplanned expenses, and this way you will be able to take care of them without having to resort to a credit card. If possible, try to build up an emergency fund that can cover at least three months of living expenses.

In order to repair your credit, you need to get yourself out of debt first. It is best to avoid buying expensive items with high interest credit cards. To do that, don’t go on so many weekend travels and try not to eat out as much. You can also save money by packing your lunch for work or school. It is necessary to make these sacrifices if you want to boost your credit rating.

Credit cards with rewards are a great alternative to debit cards. Once your card is approved, you can use it for every day purchases, like food and fuel. Earning rewards can get you cash back for the things you normally purchase.

Involving the whole family is an excellent way for one to accomplish many different things. Not only will every family member get valuable practice managing their money but the family will be able to communicate and work together to save for high cost purchases that they would want to make.

Set up any bills that you can to be directly withdrawn from your checking account. This will assure that they are always paid on time as long as you have the available funds in your checking account that is needed to make these payments. It is easy to set up and will save a ton of time and money in late fees.

Make sure that you are only paying for the amount of home insurance you need. You cannot file a claim for more than the value of your house and it’s contents, so having high insurance coverage could mean you’re paying for something you can’t even use. Do an inventory of your house and get a rough estimate of what you would claim, then speak to your insurance agent to make sure that your coverage matches that amount.

Find a free checking account. There are some accounts that will charge you a fee to hold your money there, and you want to stay far away from those. Why spend money when you don’t have to? Having a checking account with fees can end up costing you hundreds of dollars every year.

It is important to be in charge of your own money. You can better your finances, by using the tips above. These tips will enable you to gain control over your financial life and achieve your financial goals through effective money management.

Tired Of Living Paycheck To Paycheck?

1000 Images About Financial On Pinterest Extra MoneyAre you having problems dealing with your personal finances? Chances are, this is because you have never been given crucial financial advice. In this article, you are going to be given advice that you can use in order to get your finances to the place that you want it to be.

Search for professional advice if you are going to invest in stocks for personal financial gains. Hiring a professional advisor is a sure way to ensure that you will get returns back. They have the knowledge and experience in the field to help you succeed. If you go at it alone, you would have to spend days researching, and that can consume much of your time.

Some banks offer great rewards if you are able to refer a customer to their location and they open up an account at a branch. Try to take advantage of this opportunity, as you can add anywhere between 25-100 dollars just for recommending a friend or family member to the bank.

Protection from identity theft is something that you should insure yourself against, especially if you do a lot of work on your computer. Make sure that all of your information is password protected and that you have a solid anti-virus protection program. This will reduce hacking and protect your financial information.

Have your premium payments automatically deducted electronically from your checking account. Insurance companies will generally take a few dollars off of your monthly premium if you have the payments set to go automatically. You’re going to pay it anyway, so why not save yourself a little hassle and a few dollars?

By buying gasoline in different areas where it is more affordable, you can save great amounts of money if done frequently. The difference in cost can add up to savings, but be sure that it is worth your time.

FICO scores are impacted by credit card balances. The more that you have left to pay off, the worse your score will be. On the other hand, when you pay off your credit card balance, your FICO score will improve. Make an effort to have the card balance at no more than 20 percent.

If you discover an error on your credit report, your first step is to write a letter explaining this error to that credit bureau. The second step would be to contact the creditor who made the error and ask them to fix it. If you attack the problem from both ends, you are more guaranteed to see a resolution.

Most property rentals, may they be apartment complexes or houses, do provide you with a mailbox. However, some places only allow a certain amount of mail that you are allowed to receive that fits within a small box. Other places have a high rate of stolen packages. It may sometimes be in your best interest to rent a postal box elsewhere. This can incur some pretty hefty yearly costs. Make sure you weigh the pros and cons, including mail, when you are signing a lease.

Spending as entertainment is a bad idea. If you charge stuff that you can’t afford, like a supercharger, body kit and coil-overs for your boring 10-year-old Honda or a top-of-the-line PC with studio-grade surround speakers and three 24 inch monitors just to spice up your video games, you are crashing straight into unmanageable debt.

As stated in the beginning of the article, it is most likely that any personal financial problems you may be having are because you do not know important information about finance. This article was created for you and people like you in order to help you get your finances back on track.

Tips For Success With Your Personal Finance Plan

9 Tips For Successful Personal Financial Planning MoneyDo you feel like you lack money management skills? It may seem that there’s some grand secret to successfully managing your personal finances, but all you really need is a little good advice. This article will provide you with some great personal finance tips that will help you save and spend the right way.

Use a card for small purchases each month such as groceries and gas and pay it off or pay off a majority of the balance each month. This will show creditors that you are capable of handling your card and being responsible with payments. Doing this on a regular basis will help to repair that bad credit score that you currently have.

By putting some of your money into a 529-college savings account, you can improve your personal finance. This offers you a tax-free advantage to savings your money. You will be able to accumulate interest rates while it is in there, and since it is tax-free, you gain a huge monetary advantage.

A student should always consider every option before taking out a student loan. Grants, scholarships, and savings funds can be great ways to pay for college. Student loans will saddle you with debt and can lead to a shaky financial future, should you default. Plan ahead and pay for college wisely.

Business and personal travel can mix well if you log your spending wisely. Take a small journal that will allow you to log any business-related expenses while away. Attach a small envelope inside the front cover of the book that will hold any receipts you will acquire as well.

Do not buy anything unless you really need it and can afford it. This way you will save your money for essentials and you will not wind up in debt. If you are discerning regarding what you purchase, and use cash to buy only what you need (and at the lowest possible price) you will not have to worry about being in debt.

Automatic bill payments should be reviewed quarterly. Most consumers are taking advantage of many of the automatic financial systems available that pay bills, deposit checks and pay off debts on their own. This does save time, but the process leaves a door wide open for abuse. Not only should all financial activity be reviewed monthly, the canny consumer will review his automatic payment arrangements very closely every three to four months, to ensure they are still doing exactly what he wants them to.

There are a lot of electronic expenses that you will have to pay for during the month. One tip that you can follow is to merge your internet, phone, and cable into one payment plan. There are many providers that offer discounts if you join their company for all three services.

Make sure you’re not overspending on luxury items that you can’t actually afford. The most common problem people have is that they’re spending more than they’re bringing in. If you don’t have the money for a luxury item, don’t buy it. Instead of putting in on the credit card, put a bit of money aside toward the item each week. It’ll save you more in the long run.

Applying for financial aid and scholarships can help those attending school to get some extra money that will cushion their own personal finances. There are many different scholarships a person can try to qualify for and all of these scholarships will provide varying returns. The key to getting extra money for school is to simply try.

Anyone can learn to be responsible with their money. Now that you’ve read this article, you know what you can do to get your personal finances on the right track. While some of these tips may seem challenging, you’ll be surprised at how quickly you adjust to these healthy money habits.

Want To Know How To Manage Your Money Better? Try These Tips!

5 Personal Finance Tips For 2018 Money IncManaging personal finance can seem like an uphill struggle, but when you follow these simple tips, you will quickly find that it has become much easier to get your finances in order. Here is some great information that will teach you the tips and tricks needed to help you out.

Beware of spending money on products and services that promise you unrealistic earnings. Don’t waste your money on a program consisting of nothing but empty promises. You definitely want to always be learning, but devote less time to spending money and more time to executing, to see your profits rise.

Don’t be exclusive! Many companies throw a curve-ball into their contract- a piece saying you can only work with them. If you want to make the most money for yourself, steer clear of those companies that require you to sign these. It’s best to work for a company willing to share the field, not only are they more confident in their products, but they also are more likely to have your best interests in mind.

To avoid debt, you should keep your credit balance as low as possible. You might be tempted to accept the offer you qualify for, but you should borrow only as much money as you actually need. Spend some time to determine this exact amount before you accept a loan offer.

A student should always consider every option before taking out a student loan. Grants, scholarships, and savings funds can be great ways to pay for college. Student loans will saddle you with debt and can lead to a shaky financial future, should you default. Plan ahead and pay for college wisely.

Pay off your items with the higher interest before focusing on the lower or no interest debt. Paying the minimums on a high interest card can cost you hundreds of dollars more than it should. List out the interest rates of all the cards you have and pay off the highest ones as soon as possible.

Always buy used cars over new and save yourself money. The biggest depreciation in car value happens during the first 10,000 miles it is driven. After that the depreciation becomes much slower. Buy a car that has those first miles on it to get a much better deal for just as good a car.

Sit down and add up all the money that you have coming in to the house each month. Then sit down and add up the amount that your monthly bills cost. Subtract the money you spend on your bills from your monthly income. The number you come up with is the amount of money you have to spend on everything else – food, clothing, medicine, luxury items, etc. Don’t go over this amount. This will insure that you have enough money to pay all of your bills and aren’t spending more than you’re earning.

Make regular contributions to your savings account. It will provide you a buffer in case money should ever run short and you can use it as a line of your own personal credit. If you find something that you want to buy, take that money out of your savings and make payments to yourself to pay it back into the savings account.

Now that you have learned how these simple tips and tricks can help you to succeed with your personal finance situation, take a moment to reflect on the valuable information. We are sure that you will immediately find practical applications for these fantastic tips. They will definitely help you to become more successful and enable you to better budget your personal finances.

Reach For The Stars With These Personal Finance Tips

Whats The Optimum Way To Use Your Pc Shoppers PointsKeeping up with your personal finances is not just responsible; it saves you money. Developing good personal finance skills is no different than earning a raise. Taking care of your money, makes it go further and do more for you. There are always fresh methods you can learn for improving your money-management abilities. This article shares just a few methods and tips to better manage your finances.

If you are materially successful in life, eventually you will get to the point where you have more assets that you did in the past. Unless you are continually looking at your insurance policies and adjusting liability, you may find yourself underinsured and at risk of losing more than you should if a liability claim is made. To protect against this, consider purchasing an umbrella policy, which, as the name implies, provides gradually expanding coverage over time so that you do not run the risk of being under-covered in the event of a liability claim.

Bring a small envelope whenever you leave your home. Use this to store all of your receipts and business cards. It is important to have a system for saving these for record keeping purposes. It will be good to have them on hand, so that you can verify all the charges on your credit card statement and contest any that are incorrect.

Make decisions that will save you money! By buying a cheaper brand than you normally purchases, you can have extra money to save or spend on more needed things. You have to make smart decisions with your money, if you want to use it as effectively as you can.

Search for cheaper utilities to get better personal finance. If you have had the same gas company, cell phone plan, or other utility for a while then shop around for a better deal. Many companies will gladly offer you better prices just to have you become their customer. This will definitely put more money in your pocket.

Buying used can save you a lot of cash. Cars for example, lose up to 20% of their purchase price, just by signing on the dotted line and driving off the lot in it. Let someone else pay for that depreciation by purchasing a car that is a couple of years old. You will still have a low mileage warrantied car, but without the hit to your equity.

Don’t buy extended warranties on products. If your product already comes with a warranty that is more than likely when something is going to break. Extended warranties are basically just a huge profit making tool for a business. Don’t give them more of your money for no reason.

Dining out is something that you should do occasionally but it can really take a toll on your bank account over time. If you go out to eat more than one time a week, you will slowly begin to see your savings decline. Limit eating at restaurants to maximize the balance of your bank account.

If you want to keep your credit score as high as possible, you should have between two and four credit cards in active use. Having at least two cards helps you establish a clear payment history, and if you’ve been paying them off it raises your score. Holding more than four cards at a time, however, makes it look like you’re trying to carry too much debt, and hurts your score.

If you want to justify your personal finance education to yourself, just consider this: Time spent learning good finance skills, saves time and money that you can use to earn more money or to enjoy yourself. Everyone needs money; people who learn how to make the most of the money they have, get more of it.

Never Worry About Personal Finances Again With These Tips

75 Personal Finance Tips To Help You Make Save MoneyIn today’s world financial goals are important. Whether saving for a car, home or even college tuition for your kids, you need a solid plan to hit those goals. Advice can be the best thing for building your foundation for a plan or impacting the plan you already have set forth. Read ahead and find some help that can make the difference you need.

Selling some household items that are never used or that one can do without, can produce some extra cash. These items can be sold in a variety of ways including many different online websites. Free classifieds and auction websites offer many options to turn those unused items into extra money.

Do not buy anything unless you really need it and can afford it. This way you will save your money for essentials and you will not wind up in debt. If you are discerning regarding what you purchase, and use cash to buy only what you need (and at the lowest possible price) you will not have to worry about being in debt.

To make sure that bills don’t slip through the cracks and go unpaid, have a filing system set up that lets you keep track of all your bills and when they are due. If you pay most of your bills online, be sure that you use a service that will send you reminders when a due date is approaching.

Get a checking account that is free. Paying fees to access your money can cost you quite a bit in the long run. Many banks are doing away with free accounts, but a little leg work will help you find what you are looking for. Avoid losing hundreds of dollars to fees every year.

If a person has a nice orchard or a very productive garden they can turn their surplus fruits and vegetables into money for ones personal finances. By selling these extra goods at a farmers market, roadside stand, or even at ones house they can earn money to invest into the garden or any other financial choice.

When you go to meet a landlord for the first time, dress the same way that you would if you were going to a job interview. Essentially, you have to impress your landlord, so showing him or her, that you are well put together, will only serve to make them impressed by you.

It is important to find a bank that offers a free checking account. Some banks charge a monthly or yearly fee to have a checking out with them. These fees can add up and cost you more than it’s worth. Also, make sure there are no interest fees associated with your account

If you have consistently made your credit card payments on time for at least one whole year, you may have some leverage to negotiate more favorable terms, like a lowered interest rate or even a higher credit limit. Of course, only go for the second option if you have a real need to do so and can responsibly pay the added amount every month.

If you rely on credit cards to make most of your purchases, or for multiple high-dollar expenditures, consider having the balance transferred to a credit card with lower interest rates. This is especially helpful for those who plan to continue using their cards for a considerable period of time in the future.

Being consistent with your personal finances is only worth what you put into it. Goals will not accomplish themselves without someone to guide the effort. That responsibility falls to you and the tips you have read can offer some help in delivering on your promises to yourself. To waste time is to waste money so make the most of both.